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Understanding the Different Types of Commercial Door Closers: Which One is Right for You?

Commercial door closers play a crucial role in maintaining security, accessibility, and convenience in various business establishments. With a wide range of options available in the market, it can be challenging to determine which type of door closer is best suited for your specific needs. In this blog post, we will explore the different types of commercial door closers and discuss their features, advantages, and considerations to help you make an informed decision.

  1. Overhead Door Closers

One of the most common types of commercial door closers is the overhead door closer. As the name suggests, this type of closer is installed at the top of the door frame and uses a hydraulic mechanism to control the door's closing speed and force. Overhead closers are suitable for a variety of applications and can be used on both interior and exterior doors.


  • Adjustable closing speed and latching speed for optimal control.
  • Can be installed on doors with different widths and weights.
  • Durable and suitable for high-traffic areas.
  • Compliance with fire safety regulations, as they can be integrated with fire alarm systems to ensure the door closes during emergencies.


  • Requires periodic maintenance, including lubrication and adjustments.
  • The visible installation may affect the aesthetics of the door.
  1. Surface-Mounted Door Closers

Surface-mounted door closers are attached to the door frame's surface, typically on the push side of the door. They are visible but offer a more discreet installation compared to overhead closers. These closers are available in various designs and can be adjusted to control the closing speed, latching speed, and backcheck (preventing the door from swinging too fast).


  • Versatile and suitable for a wide range of door types.
  • Adjustable features provide greater control over door closing.
  • Easy installation and maintenance.
  • Can be used in both interior and exterior applications.


  • May require periodic adjustments to maintain optimal functionality.
  • The visible installation may not be aesthetically pleasing for some applications.
  1. Concealed Door Closers

Concealed door closers are designed to be hidden within the door or door frame, providing a clean and unobtrusive appearance. These closers are typically installed in the top jamb, bottom jamb, or floor and are suitable for applications where aesthetics are a priority.


  • Hidden installation preserves the door's aesthetic appeal.
  • Can be used on various door types, including wood, aluminum, and glass.
  • Suitable for both interior and exterior applications.
  • Reduced risk of vandalism or tampering.


  • Installation may require professional expertise.
  • Limited adjustability compared to other types of door closers.
  • May not be suitable for heavy or oversized doors.
  1. Floor-Spring Door Closers

Floor-spring door closers are installed in the floor underneath the door, making them almost invisible. These closers offer excellent control over the door's movement, including closing speed, hold-open features, and backcheck.


  • Aesthetically pleasing, as they are concealed and do not interfere with the door's design.
  • Suitable for heavy and oversized doors.
  • Provide smooth and controlled door closing.
  • Can be used in high-traffic areas and exterior applications.


  • Installation requires precise positioning and may be more complex.
  • Regular maintenance is necessary for optimal performance.
  • Costlier compared to other types of door closers.
  1. Specialty Door Closers

In addition to the standard types mentioned above, there are specialty door closers designed for specific applications. Some examples include:

  • Automatic door closers: These closers use sensors to detect movement and automatically close the door after someone passes through. They are commonly used in environments where hands-free access or convenience is paramount, such as hospitals, shopping malls, or airports.


  • Provides seamless and convenient access.
  • Improves accessibility for individuals with mobility challenges.
  • Reduces the risk of doors being left open, enhancing security.
  • Can be integrated with access control systems.


  • Requires power source or batteries for operation.
  • Initial installation and setup may involve professional assistance.
  • Regular maintenance is essential to ensure proper functioning.

Choosing the Right Commercial Door Closer: Factors to Consider

Now that we have explored the different types of commercial door closers, it's important to consider several factors when deciding which one is best for your specific needs:

  1. Door Type and Size: Different door closers are designed to accommodate specific door types, such as wood, aluminum, glass, or fire-rated doors. Consider the weight, width, and material of your doors when selecting a closer to ensure compatibility and optimal performance.
  2. Door Usage: The level of foot traffic and frequency of door use should influence your decision. High-traffic areas may require more durable and heavy-duty door closers that can withstand continuous usage.
  3. Aesthetics: Consider the visual impact and overall design of your space. Concealed or hidden closers might be preferable for applications where aesthetics are a priority, while surface-mounted closers may be more suitable for utilitarian environments.
  4. Safety and Accessibility Requirements: Evaluate any specific safety regulations or accessibility standards that your business needs to comply with. Features like adjustable closing speed, backcheck, delayed closing, and integration with fire alarm systems can contribute to a safer environment.
  5. Maintenance and Durability: Consider the long-term maintenance requirements of the chosen door closer. Some types may require regular lubrication, adjustments, or periodic inspections to ensure optimal functionality and durability.

Selecting the right commercial door closer is essential for maintaining security, accessibility, and convenience in your business establishment. By understanding the different types of door closers and considering factors such as door type, usage, aesthetics, safety requirements, and maintenance needs, you can make an informed decision.

Consult with the door professionals at CDF Distributors to ensure that the chosen closer aligns with your specific requirements. Investing in a high-quality and appropriate door closer will not only enhance the functionality of your doors but also contribute to the overall efficiency and safety of your business environment.

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